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Specific Learning Disability
What is Specific Learning Disability?
A specific learning disability (SLD) is a disorder involving basic thinking processes in understanding or using language (spoken or written). SLD may present as difficulty with listening, thinking, speaking, reading, writing, spelling, or doing mathematical calculations. Conditions that affect SLD include perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.
What are the characteristics of SLDs?
Generally, individuals with an SLD have average or above average intelligence. However, an apparent gap exists between the person’s potential and actual achievement. Some common characteristics associated with SLDs include difficulty with following directions, reading, writing, and sequencing. These individuals may excel in one area and perform poorly in another, have poor memory, or have trouble with discriminating between and among letters, numerals, or sounds. A person may be identified as having an SLD in one or more of the following areas: oral expression, listening comprehension, written expression, basic reading skills, reading fluency skills, reading comprehension, mathematics calculation, and mathematics problem solving.
Where can I go for more information?
- National Center for Learning Disabilities
- National Center on Response to Intervention
- Wright’s Law Guide for RTI