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Speech and Language Impairments
What are speech and language impairments?
Speech and language impairments are communication disorders that affect people in four major areas: articulation (making sounds incorrectly), fluency (disruption in speech flow), voice (pitch or loudness), or language (issues with expressing ideas or needs and in understanding the speech of others).
What are the characteristics of speech and language impairments?
Each speech and language impairment has different characteristics and some people may have a combination of impairments. The three areas of speech impairments include articulation (formation of particular sounds), fluency (rhythm or flow of the speech), and voice (pitch, volume, or resonance). However, some articulation issues may be normal when children are developing speech. Some common speech disorders are apraxia, speech sound disorders, stuttering, and voice impairments.
Language disorders or impairments involve the processing of oral information in the following areas: grammar, semantics (meaning), receptive language, and aphasia. Language disorders include language-based learning disabilities, preschool language disorders, and selective mutism.
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