Traumatic Brain Injury

What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain that results in total or partial functional disability, psychosocial impairment, or both. This can be an open or closed head injury that results in impairments in one or more of the following areas: cognition, language, memory, attention, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment, problem-solving, sensory, perceptual, motor abilities, psychosocial behavior, physical functions, information processing, and speech. Congenital or degenerative brain injuries and brain injuries induced by birth trauma do not fall under the category of traumatic brain injury.

What are the characteristics of TBI?

Individuals with a TBI may exhibit different characteristics depending on the severity and location of the brain injury. People with TBI may have physical disabilities, such as problems with any of their five senses, seizures, or paralysis (full or partial). Difficulties with thinking may be a result. For example, a person with a TBI may have difficulty with short-term memory, long-term memory, concentrating, reading, writing, planning, and judgment. Individuals with TBI may also think at a slower rate than their typically developing peers and experience difficulties with relating to others, sudden changes in mood, anxiety, and depression.

Where can I go for more information?

Information Sheets